Tribal Hidage

A document whose purpose and origin are not entirely clear. It comprises a list of assessments, using the *hide as the base unit. These assessments are thought to be for payments of "tribute to an unknown overlord. It is believed to date to the 7c; but the only extant MS is 11c. The 'tribes' enumerated included Mercians, South, West and East Saxons, men of Kent and Lindsey, and many others. However, Northumbrian peoples are not included. This suggests two possibilities: that the Tribal Hidage was produced for a Mercian king with no power over Northumbria, or for a Northumbrian king who required no list of his own territory and attendant tributes.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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